Peasant women against agro-business

Tord Björk | monoculture,MST,Women | Monday, March 9th, 2009

PEASANT WOMEN IN THE STRUGGLE AGAINST AGRO-BUSINESS,
FOR THE AGRARIAN REFORM AND FOOD SOVEREIGNTY

We peasant women, riparian, extractivists, indigenous, afro-descendants and landless come forward to denounce, through our political actions, the extreme seriousness of the Brazilian situation. We will not be subordinated to a capitalist and patriarchal model of society, which concentrates power and wealth. We do not want the agriculture project from the agro-business, hydro-business and the transnational corporations in Brazil.

We are mobilizing, to denounce the political, economic, social and environmental crises created by the elite in charge of the State: national and international financial capital. We are not prepared to pay the bill of the crises, through the super-exploitation of our labor, low  wages, longer shifts and the escalation in the exploitation of our natural resources. We therefore DENOUNCE:

THE AGRO AND HYDRO BUSINESSES ARE UNSUSTAINABLE: monocultures, notably sugar-cane, soy and eucalyptus cause strong  environmental unbalance, serious social problems, generating grave consequences for humanity through the intense use of agro-chemicals. It is a model that appropriates and dominates water, land, energy sources, minerals, seeds, and our bio-diversity. It exerts control on seeds through GMOs, increasing illnesses, especially in women and children. It rolls over natural resources, in the greed to increase profits from forests, in the Amazon and in what is left of the Brazilian Savannah [cerrado], Atlantic forest, the pampa biome and the northeastern semi-arid.

SUPER-EXPLOITATION OF LABOR: major profits in this model derive from low wages, precarization, constant threats of  unemployment and conditions similar to slave labor. It is this super-exploitation of labor  which allows the commodities produced in this model to be cheaper and more  competitive in the world.

FINANCING OF THE STATE: this model benefits from public investment taken from the poor in the form of taxes and transferring those resources to banks and companies. Brazilian government collects from society, every year, 150 billion reais and transfers those resources to  banks in order to pay for a debt that was not made by the people, who were never consulted about it. The owners of those papers are no more than 20 thousand  rich people, among bank owners and national and international financial  speculators..

Without those resources, the government cannot invest in education,  employment, health, welfare rights, housing and the agrarian reform. The transfer occurs specially through the FAT [Fund for the Assistance of Workers] and the BNDES [National Bank for Economic and Social Development] – -both government bodies.

It is the most profitable model for capitalists and the most dependent on  public investment. The government and the State give total support to it since it generates dollar credits. That is done specially in terms of credit lines:  the agro-business receives for their exports, more than 65 billion reais a year from public banks and tax exemption. To export only raw material does not  develop the country and does not distribute wealth to all.

AN ALLIANCE that affects food sovereignty and the control of Brazilian agriculture: There´s an alliance between major land owners and transnational corporations to  control the supply of industrial agricultural products – manures, fertilizers, chemical poisons and machines, control prices and markets for each product. Brazil continues prioritizing the export of raw materials, without added values, selling at low prices and by doing so they are transferring part of our  natural wealth included in the product.

THE CRIMINALIZATION OF THE STRUGGLE: Recently, the State has used its  entire police
machine, the judiciary and the media to defend corporations, the agro-business and private
property and to criminalize social struggles.

We reafirm the struggle as the only solution for social transformation! And we have the right to struggle!

We are mobilizing to defend agro-ecology, bio-diversity, co-op peasant agriculture, the production of healthy food, the Agrarian Reform, welfare rights, free and good health and education for  all. In order to defend land, water, seeds, energy and oil as nature´s goods at the service of human beings.

We break the silence to recuperate peasant culture and knowledge, to recuperate our country, Brazil. And to do so we call the Brazilian people to join the struggle. To join us to build a new development project that will benefit the Brazilian people and not corporations and banks.

We will continue struggling and organizing women, men, the working youth, children in order to defend our rights to live in a fair, egalitarian, and sovereign country.

Hurray for march 8th: The international Day of
Struggle for Working Women!

VIA CAMPESINA BRAZIL and FETRAF – MARCH
2009

More about the actions in portuguese at: http://www.mst.org.br/mst/especiais.php?ed=86

Supporting MST at Brazilian embassy in Helsinki

Tord Björk | education,MST,Repression | Monday, March 9th, 2009

Noora Oljala speaking to embassy reprsentative in Helsinki

Friends of the Landless and Friends of the Earth Finland support MST schools that has been closed by Rio Grande do Sul authors. Organizations  are worried about the state of education and democracy in Rio Grande do Sul. Representatives from Friends of the Landless and Friends of the Earth Finland (Taru Salmenkari and Noora Ojala) handed the petition today to Brazilian embassy in Helsinki.

Read and sign the petiton!
http://www.gopetition.com/petitions/support-mst-and-wsf.html

March 8 MST action in Stockholm

Tord Björk | International action,MST,Women | Monday, March 9th, 2009

MST activists in rainy and snowy cold Stockholm at the International Women’s Day demonstration with banners and posters supporting the struggle in Brazil. The poster says Support rural workers and  women in Brazi for the environment and against Stora Enso.

Is MST for or against women’s emancipation?

Tord Björk | Latin American movements,MST,Women | Monday, March 9th, 2009

Are female activists in MST an emancipatory force in women’s struggle or do they represent backwardness and traditional rural values?

Man and woman at Jair Costa MST camp. Photo Pertti Simula

Many positive towards womens emancipation and female activists struggling may see this as an odd question. That antipatriarchial activists within MST from any point of view positive towards women’s emancipation are good for feminism is something everyone can agree upon. But that does not mean that they might be misused by a movement that in the end is authoritarian struggling for traditional values working against emancipation. Or that they are used or choose themselves to use old-fashioned methods that can be stamped by media as violent.

Men and women at Coptar MST cooperative. Photo Pertti Simula

Swedish author Magnus Linton have described his ambiguity towards MST in his book Americanos. On the one hand he sees MST as an impressive movement bringing social justice by breaking with authorian old parliamentary party politics. On the other hand he cannot decide himself clearly. He show how beating of wifes still continue in MST camps and settlements. He gives examples on how social hiearchies are reestablished in MST settlements between those that succed and those that fail to enlarge the small resources of animals and seedlings they are given by the government once they are recogninzed to get their piece of land according to the agragrian reform. And how a women living alone is less worth than a women living in a stable relationship.

But this reality may no movement be able to change alone. In reality both Linton and many others can show that MST is making things better for most people in the movement.

Women at Coopan MST cooperative. Photo Pertti Simula

Linton sees that the there is especially one conflicting issue between MST and socially interested presidents as Lula or other parts of the global justice movement which causes problems for women. That is the highly critical view on urbanisation.  Linton quotes one of the old MST leaders, Irma Brennetto, who describes how hard it is to maintain young people and especially women in the settlements. A majority of the young do not want to stay in the settlement she describes. They prefer the unsecure precarious job market and chaos in the cities instead of becoming peasants. The old still dominating leadership in MST also come from the Catholic liberation theology tradition and thus do not have the most liberal views on issues as abortion.

To others female activist in MST are manipulated by this old leadership to become guerilla soldiers. To some also left intellectuals in the cities and many middle class people and the media i Brazil MST started well but have turned into a movement using violence. The arguments starts by claiming that the movement is old-fashioned celebrating figures as Che Guevara and Lenin and organized in a hierarchic way. And then some few examples when violence against people have occured and blamed on MST are listed. But primarily the most prominent examples of violent acts carried out by MST are destruction of property.

Women and child at Jair Costa MST camp. Photo Pertti Simula

This is the result of MST and other female activists in Via Campesina organisations that the last year have occupied plants or plantations and begun deliberately to destroy equipment or cutting down trees. Such acts of civil disobedience are claimed by those against MST to be acts of violence.

What has been especially given as an example is how 2000 women from MST and other Via Campesina organizations on March 8 2006 entered and destroyed parts of Aracruz laboratory in Barra do Ribeiro, Rio Grande do Sul, uprooting more than 1 million eucalyptus tree seedlings. in protest against gene technology and in solidarity with Tupnikim indians that was violently evacuated from land which once belonged to them by Aracruz Celulose. After the action they immediately went to the demonstration on Women’s international day in Porto Alegre.

Activists and especially leaders are regularly violently attacked and killed by gunmen hired by landowners or killed or violently harrassed by police. But what emberass those claiming that MST is using violence is not the acts of violence against the movement or even acts of violence occurring against those defending the status quo. The violence considered as most horrible is occupying and destroying property. With such a definition of violence the feminist activists of MST becomes a great threat to modern patrirarchic Brazilian society.

The short impressions I got from visiting MST settlements and the national congress was that there are problems within MST for women’s emancipation but that the society that MST is trying to change is much worse. And that few social forces are doing so much for emancipating women in Brazil as MST. When MST invited organizations to come to their 25th anniversary celebrations there were many man coming. Within MST there were not only men taking the stage. As speakers, as people making comments from the floor, as leaders of cultural actions, as leaders of settlements and schools, as the most militant activists of the movement, there were many women to be seen.

Intervention from the floor at MST 25th anniversary plenary in Sarandi

I dared to ask one question. Was the chose of female activists to carry out action the result of tactics to present the movement as more vulnerable hoping for media to be more symphathetic or was it mainly due to a fact that many of the most militant activists were women. The answer confirmed clearly the last suggestion.

Women singing at MST cooperative. Photo Pertti Simula

Linton wrote his book in 2005. His ideal for emancipating the Latin American women were rather militant urban middel class activists in Bogota using international law and the power of modern medicine technology and subversive culture against traditional values rather than MST. His criticism against MST for maintaining traditional family values and illusions about rural life thus standing in the way for emancipation has been challenged. The wave believing in international laws and courts have proven to be as much an illusion as ever the idea of establishing rural societies with small farmer villages and cooperatives. Today it is the MST women that are the most militant feminists in Brazil and turns March 8 into women’s workers struggle day. On the scene in Sarandi at the MST 25 celebration they show the cultural strength of a movement now also orienting itself towards la periferia, to the suburbs of the cities.

The Lilac Bloc

You see them everywhere now. At the MST 25th anniversary, the lilac scarves. Hanging around the neck of women or put in front of the mouth on pictures of activists with sharpened agricultural tools in their hands.

The development seems to have been quick. On the first photos of determined actvists on the way to occupy and even cut down eucalupty trees seen as a threat against a sustainable future the scarves are multicolor. But now in short time they are all lilac. Some with prints on them in black promoting Via Campesina, the global organisation for peasants. The lilac block which is quite different and better organised than the masked blocs in rich countries. A lilac block that carefully carries out both resistance and constructive actions building wider and wider solidarity between oppressed groups using direct actions.


The militant actions on Womens international day March 8 have strengthened the unity among rural women in Brazil struggling for common interests against domestic land owners but more and more mainly against transnational corporations.

Lats year actions took place in 17 different states. The largest was an action against Finnish-Swedish forest company Stora Enso. Here is how the action developed. It started early in the morning:

Female activist chopping eucalyptu at Stora Enso plantation

Around 900 women of the movements belonging to Via Campesina occupied the Tarumã Farm, 2,100 hectares big, in the municipality of Rosário do Sul, at about 400 km from the state capital Porto Alegre. They arrived at the area at about 6 am and started immediately to cut down eucalyptus trees and to plant native trees seedlings.

The Swedish Finnish company Stora Enso had illegally bought land close to the border in the hope that they later could influence the legislators and get the laws changed.

“Our action is legitimate. It is Stora Enso that is acting illegally. Planting this green desert in the border region is a crime against the legislation of our country, against the ‘pampa’ (type of grassland) biome and against the food sovereignty of our state that stays with every time less land to produce food crops. We are cutting what is bad and planting what is good for the environment and for the people of Rio Grande do Sul”.

900 female rural workers occupation declaration against Stora Enso

Planting for the future

Time for men to arrive with their boss, the head of the military police as you can see in the middle

The first import thing to do is to get rid of mass media.

Now the real action can start

Police aiming at female activist with a gun

Destroying the milk for the children

Arresting the women

Many hundred arrested women

How the police were beating the women

We are not afraid!

Paula Acampada expain why i is necessary to struggle against the corporations.

So watch out for the lilac bloc if you see the future only in corporate rule

The current offensive against the MST

Tord Björk | MST,Repression | Saturday, March 7th, 2009

28/02/2009

(rudimentary translation with the help og google and some corrections, original text in portuguese, see below)

Joao Paulo Rodrigues Photo: Tord Björk

In recent days, the press is running a series of articles on the MST, which express the forces of an offensive right. Therefore, interviewed here is a member of the national MST organisation, Joao Paulo Rodrigues, to explain the position of the movement on the main issues outlined.

What happened to the schools in camps of the landless in Rio Grande do Sul?

During the government Antonio Britto (PMDB-PPS) the right of children of primary education was guaranteed  in the camps. The state placed teachers from public school and were given rooms in the organized camp. And when the camp site or change of the families were changed, the school would follow, ensuring continuity of education to those children. This experience successfully received awards and has been adopted by other states such as Paraná.

After the election the government of Yeda Crusius, a political offensive of the right was formed in the press, by the prosecutors and the State Military Brigade. Euphoric with the election victory, an offensive began to criminalize, harass and repress social movements of teachers, metalworkers, the unemployed or the MST. In this context, the current governor and the prosecutor acted to suspend classes in camps and take children to the schools of the city. That is, did not hesitate to harm the children to take action politically against the MST.

Moreover, the government of Yeda Crusius has closed other 8500 classes (turmas) in all districts of the state, mostly in rural areas, only to save resources, only to ensure the infamous zero deficit. The city halls where there are camps have said that it is impossible to take children to the city. St. Gabriel, for example, would have to spend U.S. $ 40 thousand monthly. While the state currently spends U.S. $ 16 thousand to attend the eight camps throughout state. Luckily, the schools were authorized by the State Council of Education, which is the body that authorizes and supervises the operation of schools and approves the curriculum.

What happened in Pernambuco?

The conflict in Pernambuco is a tragedy foretold. The 100 families have camped out for eight years. Two areas are in dispute. The landowners use all legal tricks to prevent the expropriation of its unused areas, which serve only as property speculation. The families work and plant in the area, make it their livelihood. They suffered more than 20 evictions. Last week, after one more eviction by the Military Police, the landowners hired gunmen who went into to the camp to provoce, armed. They persecuted and beat one of the leaders of the camp.

In this climate of permanent tension and threats to families camping out, some just reacted and the conflict ended after the death of four gunmen. The MST rejects violence. In Brazil there are many other camps, in the same situation of tension and conflict. When can we expect to achieve land reform?

What happened in Pontal?

In the region of Pontal do Paranapanema, in São Paulo state, there is a pending agrarian conflict for four decades. There are more than 400 hectares of public land states, with court rulings recognizing them as public. Therefore, farmers are “grileiros”, people who have occupied the land with false papers to obtain subsidizes from the government. Since the government Mario Covas, the process of discrimination and compensation of farmers-grileiros are stopped. With that the problem only gets worse. Now, a week of carnival, the four movements of landless who work in the occupations held protests at several farms.

The effect was immediate. For two reasons: first because land owners have many political connections in the capital. One was even a partner owner of the farm of Fernando Henrique Buritis. Another has links with the Bandeirantes network, and so on. The second reason is that José Rainha, which is not part of any policy-making body of the MST, has announced that the occupations of their movement was in protest to the governor Jose Serra. And thus the issue turned into election dispute. The effect of the Pontal conflict shows that by October 2010, we live in this soap opera, the press and their political parties turned the land disputes of Pontal into electoral disputes.

Entities in rural areas are accused of diverting resources to occupations. Is it true?

The MST has never used any penny of public money to carry out occupations of land. As a matter of principle, the very families that participate in occupations of land, shall ensure the necessary resources for such political action. Therein lies the strength of the MST and is an education for families that make the struggle for agrarian reform.

Since Fernando Henrique Cardoso, government the Brazilian state, started the neoliberal wave, the state no longer fulfill its duties towards the public agricultural sector. The State does not warrant more in rural education, literacy, technical assistance, health. Instead the government FHC stimulated the emergence of NGOs, nonprofits, to replace the functions of the state. And resources spent for them.

Remember that the NGO Solidarity Literacy, the lady Ruth Cardoso, received more than $ 330 million of public money for the literacy of adults.

Then appeared in various areas of settlement entities – some linked to the settlers, others not – to address the functions of the state, conducting technical assistance activities, care of health, literacy. And were given the state resources for this.

It is strange that the media cite only the entities that support land reform and are linked to the settlers, and omits the millions of U.S. dollars allocated to NGOs linked to the PSDB, the trade union, to land owners. Only SENAR receives million reais. Every year. There are cases of misuse of TCU in the employers’ federations.

What is the reaction to the Minister Gilmar Mendes?

The Minister Gilmar Mendes was transformed into the newest leader of the Brazilian right wing, helped by his office as President of the Supreme Court. And he is behaving well, honoring his new role. He is quick to defend the patrimony, but slow to defend lives. He attacks indigenous people, the quilombolas, the rights of workers, and defends the military from the time of military dictatorship. Anyway, right now the Brazilian has its Berlusconi. He thinks about everything and all. Moreover, it is a must for the Brazilian public opinion, an explanation needed to understand the speed in which charges were dropped against the corrupt banker Daniel Dantas, who funds many electoral campaigns and much of the media.

More serious, the Carta Capital magazine reported that the Office of Brazilian Public Law, linked to Mendes, received 2.4 million of public resources, including the STF, the Superior Electoral Court and also the Defense Ministry, headed by his friend Nelson Jobim . As a leader of the right, Mendes seeks to defend the interests of the Brazilian bourgeoisie and to intense ideological attack on the left and social movements, to pave a resurgence of the electoral right in 2010.

A atual ofensiva contra o MST

28/02/2009

Nos últimos dias, a imprensa vem veiculando uma série de matérias sobre o MST, que expressam uma ofensiva das forças de direita. Por isso, entrevistamos o membro da direção nacional João Paulo Rodrigues, para explicar a posição do Movimento sobre os principais temas expostos.

O que aconteceu com as escolas itinerantes no Rio Grande do Sul?

Durante o governo Antonio Britto (PMDB-PPS) foi assegurado o direito das crianças de ensino primário estudarem no próprio acampamento. O estado colocava professores da rede pública e as aulas eram dadas em salas organizadas no acampamento. E quando o acampamento mudasse de local ou as famílias fossem assentadas, a escola ia junto, assegurando a continuidade do ensino àquelas crianças. Essa experiência exitosa recebeu prêmios e foi adotada por outros estados, como o do Paraná.

Após a eleição do governo tucano de Yeda Crusius, se formou uma conjuntura política de ofensiva da direita na imprensa, no Ministério Publico Estadual e na Brigada Militar. Eufóricos com a vitória eleitoral, passaram a criminalizar, perseguir e reprimir os movimentos sociais, seja o dos professores, metalúrgicos, desempregados ou o MST. Nesse contexto, a atual governadora e o Ministério Público atuaram para suspender as aulas nos acampamentos e levar as crianças para os colégios da cidade. Ou seja, não hesitaram em prejudicar as crianças para atingir politicamente o MST.

Por outro lado, o governo Yeda Crusius já fechou outras 8.500 turmas em todos os municípios do estado, a maioria no meio rural, apenas para poupar recursos, apenas para assegurar o famigerado déficit zero As prefeituras dos municípios aonde existem acampamentos já disseram que é impossível levar as crianças para a cidade. São Gabriel, por exemplo, teria que gastar R$ 40 mil mensais. Enquanto atualmente o estado gasta R$ 16 mil para atender os oito acampamentos em todo estado.Felizmente, as escolas foram autorizadas pelo Conselho Estadual de Educação, que é o órgão que autoriza e fiscaliza o funcionamento das escolas e aprova seu currículo.

O que aconteceu em Pernambuco?

O conflito no Pernambuco é uma tragédia anunciada. As 100 famílias estão acampadas há oito anos. Duas áreas estão em disputa. Os fazendeiros usaram de todas as artimanhas judiciais para impedir a desapropriação de suas áreas não utilizadas, que servem apenas de especulação imobiliária. As famílias trabalham e plantam na área, tiram dela seu sustento. Sofreram mais de 20 despejos. Na semana passada, depois de mais despejo pela Polícia Militar, o fazendeiro contratou pistoleiros que foram no acampamento fazer provocações, armados. Perseguiram e espancaram um dos líderes do acampamento.

Nesse clima de tensão e ameaças permanentes às famílias acampadas, alguns acabaram reagindo e no conflito houve a morte de quatro pistoleiros. O MST repudia a violência. No Brasil há muitos outros acampamentos, em igual situação de tensão e conflito. Até quando vão esperar para realizar a Reforma Agrária?

O que aconteceu no Pontal?

Na região do Pontal do Paranapanema, no estado de São Paulo, há um passivo de conflito agrário pendente há quatro décadas. Existem por lá mais de 400 mil hectares de terras públicas estaduais, com sentenças judiciais reconhecendo que são públicas. Portanto, os fazendeiros ocupantes são grileiros. E precisam sair das terras, pelas quais receberiam a indenização pelas benfeitorias. Desde o governo Mario Covas, que o processo de discriminação e indenização dos fazendeiros-grileiros está parado. Com isso o problema só se agrava. Agora, na semana do carnaval, os quatro movimentos de sem terra que atuam na região realizaram ocupações de protesto em diversas fazendas.

A repercussão foi imediata. Por duas razões: primeiro porque os fazendeiros possuem muitas ligações políticas na capital. Um deles inclusive era sócio do Fernando Henrique na fazenda de Buritis. Outro tem vínculos com a rede Bandeirantes, e por aí vai. E o segundo motivo é que José Rainha, que não faz parte de nenhuma instância de decisão política do MST, anunciou que as ocupações do seu movimento eram em protesto ao governador José Serra. Pronto. O tema se transformou em disputa eleitoral. As repercussões do Pontal revelam que até outubro de 2010, viveremos essa novela, da imprensa e seus partidos transformaram as disputas de terra do Pontal em tema eleitoral.

Entidades do meio rural são acusadas de desviar recursos para ocupações. Isso procede?

O MST nunca usou nenhum centavo de dinheiro público para realizar ocupações de terra. Por uma questão de princípio, as próprias famílias que participam das ocupações dos latifúndios, devem assegurar os recursos necessários para a essa ação política. É aqui que reside a força do MST e é um elemento educativo para as famílias que fazem a luta pela reforma agrária.

Acontece que desde o governo Fernando Henrique Cardoso, o Estado brasileiro, dilapidado pela onda neoliberal, deixou de cumprir suas funções relativas ao setor público agrícola. O Estado não garante mais educação no meio rural, alfabetização, assistência técnica, saúde. Então, foi no governo FHC que eles estimularam o surgimento de ONGs, entidades sem fins lucrativos, para substituir as funções do Estado. E passaram recursos para essas entidades.

Vale lembrar que a ONG Alfabetização Solidária, da dona Ruth Cardoso, recebeu mais de R$ 330 milhões de dinheiro público para a alfabetização de adultos.

Surgiram então em áreas de assentamento diversas entidades – algumas ligadas aos assentados, outras não – para suprir as funções do Estado, realizando atividades de assistência técnica, de atendimento de saúde, de alfabetização. E recebem recursos do Estado para isso.
Estranhamos que a imprensa cite apenas as entidades que apóiam a reforma agrária e são ligadas aos assentados, e omitem os milhões de reais repassados para ONGs ligadas ao PSDB, à Força sindical, aos ruralistas. Somente o SENAR recebe milhões de reais. Todos os anos. Sendo que há processos no TCU de desvio de federações patronais em proveito pessoal de seus dirigentes.

A que se deve a reação do ministro Gilmar Mendes?

O Ministro Gilmar Mendes foi transformado no mais novo líder da direita brasileira, desde sua posse como presidente do Supremo Tribunal Federal. E ele está se comportando assim, honrando seu novo papel. É ágil para defender o patrimônio, mas lento para defender vidas. Ataca os povos indígenas, os quilombolas, os direitos dos trabalhadores, os operários e defende os militares da ditadura militar. Enfim, agora a direita brasileira tem seu Berlusconi tupiniquin. E ele opina sobre tudo e sobre todos. Aliás, ele está devendo para a opinião pública brasileira, uma explicação sobre a rapidez como soltou o banqueiro corrupto Daniel Dantas, que financia muitas campanhas eleitorais e alicia grande parte da mídia.

Mais grave, a revista Carta Capital denunciou que o Instituto Brasiliense de Direito Público, vinculado ao Mendes, recebeu 2,4 milhões de recursos públicos, inclusive do STF, do Tribunal Superior Eleitoral e até do Ministério da Defesa, dirigido por seu amigo Nelson Jobim.Como líder da direita, Mendes procura defender os interesses da burguesia brasileira e fazer intenso ataque ideológico à esquerda e aos movimentos sociais, para pavimentar uma retomada eleitoral da direita em 2010. Serra não precisa se preocupar, já tem um cabo eleitoral poderoso no STF.

Stora Enso occupied and workers on strike at factory

Tord Björk | Environmental movements,Repression,Stora Enso | Saturday, March 7th, 2009

While pressure is growing against the landless movement in Brazil so is the pressure against Stora Enso. In the same day the news arrived about the occupation of the Stora Enso headquarter in Helsinki and the strike at the 50 percent Stora Enso owned Veracel Celulose factory. The occupation of the headquarter is organised by Greenpeace. It is a protest against Stora Enso cutting old forests in indigenpousareas in Nothern Finland. Greenpeace is the first organisation sentenced by the new terrorist laws in the Nordic countries introduced after EU decisions. The organisation was sentenced for a similar action at a corporate headquarter in Coipenhagen for a banner drop again gene manipulation which the company carried out.

Link to Greenpeace action against Stora Enso In Helsinki: http://translate.google.fi/translate?u=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.greenpeace.org%2Ffinland%2Ffi%2Fmediakeskus%2Flehdistotiedotteet%2Fgreenpeace-ennustaa-tulosvaroi&sl=fi&tl=en&hl=fi&ie=UTF-8

Material about the strike, first in english, than in portuguese:

Mechanized cutting machine workers and tree nursery workers from Veracel Celulose on strike

Workers active in the cutting of eucalyptus trees and in the tree nursery of Veracel Celulose [owned by Stora-Enso ˆ 50% and Aracruz ˆ 50%]. stopped activities this morning after 11 negotiations with the company They demand for better salaries and better working conditions. The working day of a worker of a cutting machine is 12 hours and this has caused many occupational diseases.  58% of the workers suffer from repetitive strain injuries. Many are scared of asking for a leave to treat their disease, once, after they return, the company dismisses the ill worker, without giving any support. Only in the mechanized harvest, several workers have been dismissed and 4 returned to work because of a legal order from the Labor Court.

These diseases are a consequence of the high productivity that is demanded from the workers. The productivity of a Veracel Celulose worker is 34% higher than of any other company in the sector. A worker of Aracruz Celulose, one of Veracel´s shareholders, Votorantim and Suzano Bahia Sul, cut 18 m3 of wood per hour, while a Veracel worker in the harvesting activities cuts 34 m3 of wood per hour.

Even with this high productivity, the Veracel workers receive the lowest salaries compared with other companies of the sector. Almost 50% less than the salaries of the Aracruz Celulose workers who, besides of the salary receive other benefits like a holiday grant, health plan and free dental support, different from Veracel that charges these services from their workers. The salaries are 34% out of step. In 2004, they received the equivalent of 4 minimum salaries and now they receive the equivalent of 2,5 minimum salaries.

In spite of the world crisis, Veracel is producing beyond its capacity and it is investing in technology. Recently, it bought 2 cutting machines worth R$ 2 million each. It invested about R$ 16 million in the tree nursery. Now, the tree nursery of the Veracel company is one of the most modern ones in Latin America. Moreover, Veracel is investing in duplicating its pulp mill and already requested the license for the construction of one more mill and the planting of another 108 thousand hectares of eucalyptus, through which, according to the company, it will create 3,000 jobs.

Association of Mechanized Cutting Machine workers from the state of Bahia and the Trade Union of Workers in the Pulp and Paper Industry.
6 March 2009

In Portuguese

Trabalhadores da colheita e do viveiro da Veracel paralisam as atividades.

Trabalhadores da colheita de eucalipto e do viveiro da Veracel paralisaram as atividades, nesta madrugada depois de 11 rodadas de negociação com a empresa. Eles reivindicam melhores salários e melhores condições de trabalho. A jornada de um trabalhador da colheita mecanizada é de 12 horas e tem causado muitas doenças ocupacionais. 58% dos trabalhadores estão com LER/DORT. Muitos tem medo de pedir licença para o tratamento, pois, quando retornam a empresa despede o trabalhador doente, sem nenhum tipo de apoio. Somente na colheita mecanizada diversos trabalhadores foram demitidos e 4 retornaram através de reintegração de posse da Justiça do Trabalho.

Estas doenças, é conseqüência da alta produtividade cobrada aos trabalhadores. A produtividade de um trabalhador da Veracel Celulose é 34% maior que qualquer outra empresa do setor. Um trabalhador da Aracruz Celulose, uma das acionistas da Veracel, Votorantim e Suzano Bahia Sul corta por hora 18m3 de madeira, enquanto que um trabalhador na colheita da Veracel, corta 34m3 de madeira por hora.

Mesmo com a alta produtividade, os trabalhadores da Veracel, tem os salários menores em relação às outras empresas do setor. Quase 50% menor do que os salários dos trabalhadores da Aracruz Celulose que além do salário ainda recebem outros benefícios como prêmio de férias, plano de saúde e odontológico gratuito ao contrário da Veracel que cobra dos trabalhadores estes serviços.  Os salários estão defasados em 34%. Em 2004, eles recebiam o equivalente a 4 salários mínimos e agora, eles recebem o equivalente a 2 salários e meio.

Apesar da crise mundial, a Veracel está produzindo bem acima da sua capacidade e está investindo em tecnologia. Recentemente comprou 2 máquinas colheitadeiras no valor de 2 milhões cada uma. Investiu cerca de 16 milhões no viveiro. Hoje, o viveiro da empresa Veracel é um dos mais modernos da América Latina. E ainda, está investindo na duplicação da fábrica e já pediu licenciamento para construir mais uma fábrica e plantar mais 108 mil hectares de eucalipto onde, segundo a empresa deve criar mais cerca de 3000 postos de trabalho.

Associação dos Operadores de Máquina Mecanizadas do Estado da Bahia e Sindicato dos Trabalhadores na Indústria de Papel e Celulose.

Detengan el cierre de escuelas para los sin tierra

Tord Björk | education,International action,MST,Repression,WSF | Saturday, March 7th, 2009

Llamado internacional a la acción:
Firmá la protesta y apoyá al MST y al FSM el 9 de Marzo y el 17 de Abril

El 3 de Marzo de 2009 las autoridades de Río Grande del Sur están procediendo a cerrar todas las escuelas itinerantes de los campamentos del Movimiento de Trabajadores Rurales Sin Tierra (MST). Unite a las protestas internacionales! Firmá la petición y movilizate!

Children in MST camp  Photo Pertti Simula

Detengan el cierre de escuelas para los sin tierra y los ataques oficiales en Brasil contra el Foro Social Mundial:

Nosotros, los abajo firmantes,

1.    Protestamos enérgicamente contra el cierre de las escuelas de los sin tierra y el ataque a las alianzas del Foro Social Mundial (FSM) realizado por figuras políticas y autoridades de Río Grande del Sur, lugar de nacimiento de tanto, las escuelas del movimiento de los sin tierra como del FSM, quienes están trayendo esperanza a la educación rural y a la democratización del mundo.
2.    Demandamos que se continúe con el apoyo y el financiamiento público a las escuelas de los campamentos y establecimientos del MST en el interior.
3.    Demandamos que las autoridades en Río Grande del Sur retiren la descripción realizada por un miembro del Consejo Superior del Ministerio Público, Sr. Thums, que aludió al Foro Social Mundial como un espacio de encuentro de “terroristas y marginales”. Thums se encuentra también entre los responsables por el cierre de las escuelas itinerantes y por los intentos de ilegalizar al MST. Utilizar una oficina pública para sostener semejante ofensa no está dentro de los intereses del estado de Río Grande del Sur ni de la integridad de ningún servicio público.
4.    Protestamos contra la interferencia de corporaciones transnacionales como Stora Enso en la política doméstica, ya que esto le otorga medios a quienes tienen dinero para influir en la política local de manera no democrática.

También apoyamos la declaración del MST que figura a continuación:

Desde el inicio de la lucha por la tierra, la preocupación por la escolarización de los niños y adolescentes de los campamentos del MST/RS acompañó la trayectoria del Movimiento. Considerando esta realidad, se recorrió mucha lucha y trabajo para concretizar el derecho a la educación formal dentro de los campamentos. Por esto, declaramos nuestro total apoyo a las Escuelas Itinerantes de los campamentos del MST, atacados por el gobierno de Río Grande del Sur y de sectores del Ministerio Público que al inicio de 2009, llegaron a declarar su extinción.

El MST es un Movimiento social y legítimo, por tanto, tiene derecho a una educación de calidad y que tenga en cuenta la Itinerancia de la lucha por la tierra y la educación del campo, en la realidad en que los niños y adolescentes están insertos, es decir, junto a su familia y a la comunidad.

Exigimos la continuidad de las Escuelas Itinerantes de los campamentos del MST

Firmas
(nombre de la persona, nombre de la organización, si corresponde y país)

Envíen sus protestas a:

Autoridades Públicas:

Yeda Crusius
Governadora do Estado do RS
E.mail  agenda (at) gg.rs.gov.br

Ivar Pavan
Presidente da Assembléia Legislativa do Estado do RS
E.mail  ivar.pavan (at) al.rs.gov.br

Mariza Abreu
Secretaria de Estado de Educación
E.mail  gabinetese (at) seduc.rs.gov.br

Mauro Renner
Procurador General de Justicia del Estado de RS (via website only)
http://www.mp.rs.gov.br/diversos/correio.pt

Envien también copias al MST y a los grupos de apoyo

MST Secretaría General:  sgeral (at) mst.org.br

MST Río Grande del Sur; Elizabete Witcel: betieduc (at) yahoo.com.br

Amigos de la Tierra Suecia: MSTsupport (at) mjv.se

Firmen la petición y contacten  otros para hacerlo

Llamamos a organizaciones de la educación, ambientalistas, de derechos humanos, por la paz, campesinas, rural, bienestar social, sindicatos, asociaciones de las naciones unidas, mujeres y cualquier otra organización comprometida con la justicia social, los foros sociales, lo ambiental y rural, a firmar la declaración y enviar su protesta a las direcciones de mail que figuran encima. También te invitamos a que contactes otras organizaciones y les informes sobre la campaña para la adhesión al comunicado y a la protesta.

Firme la petición internacional en ingles en:  http://www.gopetition.co.uk/online/25767.html

Si es posible, también esperamos que puedan traducir la protesta y enviarla a otras organizaciones en sus países y recolectar firmas en diferentes idiomas.

Movilizarse en las embajadas Brasileras el 9 de Marzo y el 17 de Abril

También apelamos a la acción conjunta en dos etapas. Primero, la reacción rápida en los países donde sea posible una noticia breve. Proponemos que presenten de la forma más creativa posible su protesta para el 9 de Marzo a la embajada brasilera y tomen fotos o videos que puedan compartir en Flickr y Youtube. Subanlo con una etiqueta que diga MST y “escuelas para los sin tierra”. También llamamos a un día conjunto de protesta en las embajadas brasileras o consulados el Día Internacional de la Lucha Campesina establecido por la Vía Campesina en memoria de la masacre de militantes del MST, el día 17 de Abril. Pueden encontrar direcciones a las embajadas brasileras en: http://www.mre.gov.br/ingles/endereco/embaixadas.asp y a consulados en: http://www.mre.gov.br/ingles/endereco/consulados.asp

Attac Hungría
CACIM India
Amigos de la Tierra Brasil
Amigos de la Tierra Finlandia
Amigos de la Tierra Suecia
Amigos de la Tierra Uruguay
Amigos del MST Finlandia
Amigos del MST Suecia

Pueden hacer seguimiento de las acciones de apoyo al MST en: www.aktivism.info/socialforumjourney

Información Complementaria:

Detengan el cierre de las escuelas de los sin tierra y los ataques oficiales contra el Foro Social Mundial:

Autoridades de Río Grande del Sur controladas por figuras políticas que han recibido apoyo de la transnacional sueco-finlandesa Stora Enso, están ahora cerrando las escuelas de los sin tierra argumentando que están cumpliendo con la ley federal. Esta repentina decisión de cerrar las escuelas que fueron iniciadas por el MST surge luego de un conflicto creciente entre Stora Enso y el MST, un movimiento que defiende la soberanía alimentaria, la agroecología como forma sustentable de producción agrícola y la diversidad biológica en contra del agronegocio del monocultivo forestal liderado por corporaciones transnacionales de la celulosa.

Un representante de las mismas autoridades que están cerrando las escuelas ha simultáneamente atacado al Foro Social Mundial (FSM) cuya primera edición se realiza en la capital de Río Grande del Sur, Porto Alegre, y que por muchos años se ha llevado a cabo allí. El FSM es ampliamente respetado en Brasil y en el mundo por considerarlo una fuerte inspiración de democracia global, incluso mostrando como el Sur puede democratizar el mundo. Sin embargo ahora está siendo acusado por autoridades de Río Grande del Sur de ser un espacio para albergar terroristas y fuerzas de poco interés para la mayoría.

A inicios de 2009, Gilberto Thums, un miembro del Consejo Superior del Ministerio Público Estadual de Río Grande del Sur responsable de educación, atacó de forma simultánea a ambos, al FSM y al MST. En una declaración al diario Expansão, Thums describe al FSM como un espacio de reunión de “terroristas y marginales”. Hace un poco más de un año, en Diciembre de 2007, Thums integraba un plan donde un grupo de fiscales llevaron al MST a juicio con el objetivo de “disolver el MST y declararlo ilegal”. Este plan fracasó pero ahora las autoridades están realizando nuevos intentos para atacar al movimiento. En Febrero de 2009, Thums y la gobernadora del estado Yeda Crusius estuvieron detrás del cierre de 7 escuelas en los campamentos del MST. Un artículo de la Revista Veja de hace cinco años fue citado en el Informe que se utilizó como argumento en el cierre de las mismas. El artículo acusaba a las escuelas de los campamentos y establecimientos del MST de “defender el socialismo”, “desarrollar una ideología revolucionaria”, y “apoyar la intolerancia”. La “ideología agresiva” del MST está siendo utilizada como argumento oficial para el cierre de las escuelas.

El MST de Río Grande del Sur fue pionero hace 12 años en la implementación de legislación brasilera para apoyar las escuelas del interior del país y se ha convertido en un modelo para el resto del país. UNICEF en Brasil ha galardonado el trabajo educativo que se ha desarrollado gracias al MST como modelo de educación entre niños y niñas en condiciones socio-económicas vulnerables. El sindicato de docentes en Río Grande del Sur también otorgó un premio a estas escuelas. Casi 200.000 estudiantes concurrieron a las escuelas de los campamentos y establecimientos del MST. Casi más de la mitad de las escuelas se mantienen con fondos públicos, y el resto de ellas de forma voluntaria por el MST.

El MST no solo lucha por implementar la reforma agraria y la educación en el campo, sino que también está comprometido en trabajos de importancia para la sobrevivencia del planeta. El objetivo de los 1.5 millones de participantes del movimiento  está puesto en la agricultura ecológica. Su trabajo se ve directamente amenazado por corporaciones transnacionales que generan lucro a través de la producción de plantas manipuladas genéticamente y de monocultivos forestales para la industria de la celulosa y de los agrocombustibles. Uno de los enemigos principales del MST es Stora Enso. Para fortalecer su influencia política, Stora Enso financió la campaña electoral de aquellas fuerzas políticas que ahora están intentando detener al MST e imposibilitar la continuación de la reforma agraria que apoya el movimiento. La gobernadora Yeda, que fue directamente apoyada por Stora Enso, declaró inmediatamente después de cerrar las escuelas, que se debería hacer todo lo necesario para ayudar a la empresa forestal Stora Enso a establecerse en el estado de Río Grande del Sur, afirmando que “es el camino al desarrollo y no renunciaremos a ello”.

Nos oponemos a las políticas de interés de las corporaciones transnacionales europeas y a la acusación del FSM como fuerza no democrática e ilegítima.

Nosotros en (Amigos de la Tierra ….) solicitamos la adhesión de todos quienes defienden las escuelas itinerantes del Movimiento de Trabajadores Rurales Sin Tierra y al FSM.
•    Las cuatro demandas arriba expuestas
•    La declaración del MST en Río Grande del Sur contra el cierre de las escuelas en los campamentos del MST en el estado.

Fuentes:

Expansão: http://www.revistaexpansao.com.br (only latest issue)
Expansão, citas de Enero 2009 respecto del tema: http://www.mst.org.br/mst/pagina.php?cd=6312

Material relacionado a la criminalización del MST:
En inglés: http://www.europe-solidaire.org/spip.php?article10938
En francés: http://www.cgas.ch/SPIP/spip.php?article923
En portugués: http://www.mst.org.br/mst/especiais.php?ed=71
Información sobre los documentos que sostienen la disolución del MST: http://www.mst.org.br/mst/pagina.php?cd=5588
Página oficial del Ministerio Público de Río Grande del Sur – nota de un diario sobre el papel de Thums en el intento de dissolver el MST: http://www.mp.rs.gov.br/imprensa/clipping/id68513.htm
Manifestación contra la criminalización del MST (Video de 20 minutos): http://br.truveo.com/Criminaliza%C3%A7%C3%A3o-do-MST-no-RS-junho-de-2008/id/1739375251

Material sobre el cierre de las escuelas de los campamentos del MST en Río Grande del Sur:
Fundamentalismo de derecha cierra escuelas itinerantes del MST y deja 310 niños y noñas sin educación. Leandro Scalabrin, miembro de la Comisión de derechos humanos OAB – Passo Fundo – RS.
Texto en extenso con citas del documento oficial que hace referencia al Articulo de Veja: http://www.mst.org.br/mst/pagina.php?cd=6308
Madraçais do MST: http://veja.abril.com.br/080904/p_046.html
Comisión Pastoral de la Tierra – Terrorismo cultural en Río Grande del Sur: Cierre de escuelas en campamentos: http://www.mst.org.br/mst/pagina.php?cd=6309
Escuelas itinerantes del MST. Es un crimen cerrarlas. Entrevista especial con Altair Morback e Isabela Braga del Instituto Humanitas Unisinos: http://www.mst.org.br/mst/pagina.php?cd=6311
Opinion: Por que Yeda cerró la Escuela Itinerante?: http://www.correiodobrasil.com.br/noticia.asp?c=149947
Cámara de Diputados manifiesta repudio al cierre de escuelas en RS; Comisión de Derechos Humanos y Minorías. Brasliai, 19 de febrero de 2009: http://www.agenciabrasil.gov.br/noticias/2009/02/19/materia.2009-02-19.1741729769/view

Material sobre Stora Enso y su apoyo a Yeda:
Informe oficial sobre contribuciones a la campaña electoral: http://www.tse.gov.br

Material sobre acusaciones de corrupción contra Yeda:
Ex-asesor de Yeda Crusius es encontrado muerto en el lago Paraná, en Brasilia, Folha de São Paulo: http://www1.folha.uol.com.br/folha/brasil/ult96u505227.shtml

Información general del MST:
Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Landless_Workers%27_Movement
Branford, Sue and Rocha, Jan. “Cutting the Wire: The story of the landless movement in Brazil”. 2002. Latin American Bureau, London.
Harnecker, Marta; “Landless people: building a social movement”, Editora Expressão Popular
Kjörling, Lennart, Så länge det finns hunger, Ordfront, review of book: http://dagensbok.com/index.php?s=+&mf_key=dbc_legacy_id&mfvalue=1037
Linton, Magnus, Americanos, Atlas, review of book: http://dagensbok.com/2006/01/09/magnus-linton-americanos/
Review of video: “Cutting the Wire” http://www.pbs.org/frontlineworld/rough/2005/12/brazil_cutting.html#
Review of Video in spanish/portuguese with english subtitles: Landless Workers’ Movement: History did not end. http://www.visualab.org/index.php/history
MST: Los Sin Tierra por los caminos de America, video by AbyaYalaUnida: http://www.youtube.com/profile?user=AbyaYalaUnida&view=videos&start=340
Landreform i Brasilien och Movimento dos Sem Terra – MST, Sveriges ambassad Brasilien,  PM, 2007-07-03   1(10)  Brasilia, Karin Wallensteen (Report on MST by Swedish embassy in Brasilia)
Friends of MST, US with english material: http://www.mstbrazil.org/

Sitio Oficial del MST: http://www.mst.org.br

Sitio Oficial UDR, opositor del MST: http://www.udr.org.br

Información sobre Stora Enso, su poder económico y los impactos que genera:
“Dossier Stora Enso” en REDES – Amigos de la Tierra Uruguay: www.redes.org.uy

Información sobre movilizaciones del MST en contra de Stora Enso en:
Agencia de Noticias Chasque: www.agenciachasque.com.br
Radio Mundo Real (RMR): www.radiomundoreal.fm
Jornal Brasil de Fato: www.brasildefato.com.br

Stoppa stängningen av de jordlösa skolor

Tord Björk | education,International action,MST,Repression,WSF | Saturday, March 7th, 2009

Life in MST camp  Photo Pertti Simula

MST upprop, http://upprop.nu/7318

Vi undertecknare

1 Protesterar kraftfullt mot att de jordlösas skolor stängs och att World Social Forum (WSF) angrips av politiker och myndigheter i Rio Grande del Sul, den delstat där både både de jordlösas rörelse (MST) och WSF föddes. Dessa rörelser ger hopp om utvekling på landsbygden och en demokratiserad värld.

2 Kräver att MSTs skolor i läger och bosättningar på landsbygden skall kunna fortsätta med offentligt stöd

3 Kräver att myndigheterna i Rio Grande del Sul tar tillbaka den beskrivning som gjorts av Thums från Ministerio Publico om att WSF är en samlingsplats för ”terrorister och banditer”. Thums är också en av de ansvariga för att stänga MSTs skolor och försöken att kriminalisera MST. Det är inte i delstaten Rio Grande do Suls intressen att använda ett offentligt ämbete för att förolämpa WSF.

4 Protesterar mot att transnationella företag som Stora Enso blandar sig i nationell politik, eftersom detta ger de som är rika möjligheter att på ett odemokratiskt sätt påverka politiken.

Vi stödjer också MSTs eget uttalande nedan:

Sedan början av kampen för jorden har omsorgen om barnen och ungdomarnas utbildning varit en del av MST/RS arbete. Mycket kraft har ägnats åt kampen för rätten till en formell utbildning i lägren. Därför uttrycker vi vårt fulla stöd till de skolor i MSTs läger som attackerats av regeringen i Rio Grande del Sul och delar av Ministerio Publico och som i början av 2009 deklarerade dessa skolor som stängda.

MST är en legitim och social rörelse, som har rätten till en kvalitativ utbildning som kämpar för jord och utbildning på landsbygden, i den verklighet där barnen och föräldrarna lever, tillsammans med familjen och lokalsamhället

Vi kräver att MSTs skolor på landsbygden skall kunna fortsätta

Namn

Underteckna på http://upprop.nu/7318

Här under följer en förklaring till bakgrunden

Gilberto Thums vid Ministerio Publico i delstaten Rio Grande do Sul i Brasilien har i början av 2009 gått till samtidig attack mot World Social Forum och de jordlösas rörelse MST. I ett uttalande i tidningen Expansão beskriver han WSF som ett möte för ”terrorister och marginella”. I december 2007 drev Thums på en plan för att skapa en grupp åklagare som skulle ställa MST inför domstol med syftet att ”upplösa MST och döma den som illegal”. Planen avslöjades men nu går myndigheterna till förnyad handling mot rörelsen. I februari ligger Thums och guvernören Yeda bakom stängningen av sju skolor i MST:s läger. I en rapport som ligger till grund för stängningen används en fem år gammal artikel från tidningen Veja som anklagar skolorna i MST:s bosättningar och läger för att ”försvara socialismen”, ”utveckla en revolutionär ideologi” och stå för intolerans. I motivet för stängningen riktar man sig särskilt mot skolornas påstådda aggressiva ideologi.

Här under ett pressmeddelande från Miljöförbundet Jordens Vänner
09 02 24 Miljöförbundet Jordens Vänner protesterar mot stängning av jordlösas skolor och terroriststämpling av WSF

Miljöförbundet Jordens Vänner (MJV) protesterar mot att politiska krafter som fått ekonomiskt stöd av det finsk-svenska skogsbolaget Stora Enso nu stänger de jordlösas skolor i delstaten Rio Grande do Sul i Brasilien. Det plötsliga ingripandet mot skolor i de läger som startats av de jordlösas rörelse Movimento Sem Terra (MST) sker efter växande konflikter mellan Stora Enso och rörelsen som försvarar den biologiska mångfalden mot cellulosaindustrins intressen. Företrädare för samma myndighet som nu stänger de jordlösas skolor attackerar samtidigt World Social Forum som fick sin start i Rio Grande do Sul och allmänt erkänns som en av den globala demokratins viktigaste inspirationskällor för att vara en samling för terrorister och marginella.

– Det är en skam att världens äldsta bolag som fortfarande ägs till delar av nordiska statliga intressen aktivt gripit in och gett ekonomiskt stöd i valrörelsen i Rio Grande do Sul, till de krafter som nu undergräver demokratin i Brasilien och globalt, säger Ellie Cijvat, ordförande i Miljöförbundet Jordens Vänner.

MST:s läger i Rio Grande do Sul var först i landet med att få genomfört en ny lag om landsbygdskolor och är ett föredöme för hela Brasilien. FN ser det skolarbete som växt fram tack vare MST som ett internationellt föredöme. Närmare 200 000 elever går i skolor i MST:s bosättningar och läger.

MST för inte bara en kamp för den antagna jordreformen och utbildning på landsbygden utan också en kamp av betydelse för hela jordens ekologiska överlevnad.

– Genom att de 1,5 miljoner deltagarna i rörelsen satsar på ekologiskt jordbruk är de ett föredöme för landsbygdsbefolkning i hela världen och för alla som vill värna om planetens överlevnad och biologisk mångfald, säger Tord Björk, som nyligen deltagit på MST:s 25 årsjubileum i Rio Grande do Sul som representant för MJV.

En av de stora motståndarna till MST är det finsk-svenska skogsbolaget Stora Enso. För att öka sitt politiska inflytande har Stora Enso i senaste valrörelsen i Rio Grande do Sul gett ekonomiskt stöd till de politiska krafter som nu är ute efter att på olika sätt stoppa folkrörelsen MST. Den av Stora Enso understödda guvernören Yeda går nu ut direkt efter stängningen av de jordlösas skolor med uttalandet att man kommer att bereda mark för att Stora Enso ska satsa i delstaten – ”det är vägen för utveckling och vi kommer inte att vika från den”.

Myndigheternas agerande för att stänga de jordlösas skolor visar hur långt man är beredd att gå för att tillfredställa nordiska storföretags intressen. MJV förespråkar istället landbygdsutvecklingen och värnande om miljö.

Parem com o fechamento de escolas para os sem terra

Tord Björk | education,MST,Repression,WSF | Saturday, March 7th, 2009

MST camp Photo by Pertti Simula

Parem com o fechamento de escolas para os sem terra e com os ataques oficiais no Brasil contra o Fórum Social Mundial:

Nós, os abaixo-assinados

1.    Protestamos fortemente contra o fechamento das escolas dos sem terra e o ataque às alianças do Fórum Social Mundial (FSM), que estão cometendo figuras políticas e autoridades do Rio Grande do Sul, lugar de nascimento tanto do FSM como das escolas do movimento dos sem terra, que estão trazendo esperança à educação rural e à democratização do mundo.

2.    Exigimos que se continue com o apoio e o financiamento público às escolas dos acampamentos e estabelecimentos do MST no interior.

3.  Exigimos que as autoridades no Rio Grande do Sul retirem o dito por um membro do Conselho Superior do Ministério Público, Sr. Thums, que referiu-se ao Fórum Social Mundial como um espaço de encontro de “terroristas e marginais”. Thums está também entre os responsáveis pelo fechamento das escolas itinerantes e pelas tentativas de ilegalizar o MST. Utilizar uma repartição pública para manifestar semelhante ofensa não está dentro dos interesses do estado do Rio Grande do Sul nem da integridade de qualquer serviço público.

4.    Protestamos contra a interferência de corporações transnacionais como Stora Enso na política doméstica, já que isto lhe concede meios aos que possuem dinheiro para influir na política local de forma não-democrática.
Também apoiamos a declaração do MST a seguir:

Desde o início da luta pela terra, a preocupação com a escolarização das crianças e adolescentes dos acampamentos do MST/RS acompanhou a trajetória do Movimento. Considerando esta realidade, muita luta e trabalho houve para se concretizar o direito a educação formal dentro dos acampamentos. Por isso declararmos o nosso total apoio as Escolas Itinerantes dos acampamentos do MST, atacadas pelo governo do Rio Grande do Sul e setores do Ministério Público que neste inicio de 2009, chegaram a declarar sua extinção.

O MST é um Movimento social e legítimo, portanto, tem o direito a uma educação de qualidade e que leve em conta a Itinerancia da luta pela terra e a educação do campo, na realidade em que as crianças e adolescentes estão inseridos, ou seja, juntamente com a família e a comunidade.

Exigimos a continuidade das Escolas Itinerantes dos acampamentos do MST.

Amigos de la Tierra Internacional – Holanda

Attac –  Hungría

CACIM  – India

Amigos de la Tierra – Brasil

Amigos de la Tierra – Finlandia

Amigos de la Tierra  – Suecia

REDES Amigos de la Tierra – Uruguay

Amigos del MST  – Finlandia

Amigos del MST – Suecia
Amigos de la Tierra – España

Amigos de la Tierra – Australia

Amigos de la Tierra – Sudáfrica

Censat Agua Viva – Colombia

Latin American Solidarity Network – Australia

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